Shawn Fraver – Selected Publications

Link to Google Scholar Page:

Note:  Student or Post-doc, if first author

2020 (to date)

Fraver, S., L. Kenefic, A. Cutko, A.S. White. 2020. Natural disturbance and stand structure in old-growth Thuja occidentalis forests of northern Maine. Forest Ecology and Management 456: 117680.

Costanza, K.K.L., W.H. Livingston, S. Fraver, I.A. Munck. 2020. Dendrochronological analyses and whole tree dissections reveal Caliciopsis canker (Caliciopsis pinea) damage associated with declining  growth and climatic stressors of eastern white pine (Pinus strobus). Forests. 11: 347.

Woodall, C., D. Evans, S. Fraver, M. Green, D. Lutz, A.W. D’Amato. 2020. Real-time monitoring of dead wood moisture and temperature in forests: Lessons learned from an intensive case study. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 50: 1244–1252.

Gleason, K.E, J.B. Bradford, A.W. D’Amato, S. Fraver, B. Palik, M.A. Battaglia. Forest density intensifies the importance of snow to growth in water-limited pine forests. Ecological Applications: e02211.


Fien, E.K.P., S. Fraver, A. Teets, A.R. Weiskittel, D.Y. Hollinger. 2019. Drivers of individual tree growth and mortality in an uneven-aged, mixed-species conifer forest. Forest Ecology and Management 449: 117446.

Puhlick, J.J., S. Fraver, I.J. Fernandez, A. Teets, L. Kenefic, A.R. Weiskittel. 2019. Site quality, disturbance, and vegetation effects on carbon storage and accumulation in old, mixed-species stands in central Maine, USA. Natural Areas Journal 39(4): 429-441.

Woodall, C.W., V.J. Monleon, S. Fraver, H. Hatfield, J. Campbell, G.M. Domke, M. Russell. 2019. Data descriptor: The downed woody materials inventory of United States Forests. Nature Scientific Data 6: 180303. DOI: 10.1038/sdata.2018.303.

Dodds, K., M.F. DiGirolomo, S. Fraver. 2019. Response of bark beetles and woodborers to tornado damage and subsequent salvage logging in northern coniferous forests of Maine, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 450: 117489.

Campbell, J.L., M.B. Green, R.D. Yanai, C.W. Woodall, S. Fraver, C.R. See, G.M. Domke, M.E. Harmon. 2019. Estimating uncertainty in the volume and carbon storage of downed coarse woody debris. Ecological Applications 29(2):e01844.

Ayrey E., D.J. Hayes, S. Fraver, J.A. Kershaw, A.R. Weiskittel. Ecologically-based metrics for assessing structure in developing area-based, enhanced forest inventories from LiDAR. Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing 45(1): 88-112.

Mortelliti, A., I. Grentzmann, S. Fraver, S. Calkins, N. Fisichelli, A.M. Brehm. 2019. Predicting the climate-induced expansion of woody plant species by identifying critical biological controls. Oikos 128: 1726-1738.

Ayrey, E., D.J. Hayes, J.B. Kilbride, S. Fraver, J.A. Kershaw Jr., B.D. Cook, A.R. Weiskittel. 2019. Synthesizing disparate LiDAR and satellite datasets through deep learning to generate wall-to-wall regional forest inventories. BioRxiv: 580514.


Fraver, S., M.J. Ducey, C.W. Woodall, A.W. D’Amato, A.M. Milo, B.J. Palik. 2018. Influence of transect length and downed woody debris abundance on precision of the line-intersect sampling method. Forest Ecosystems 5: 39.

Fraver, S., M. Tajvidi, D.L. Lindner, A.W. D’Amato, J.A. Forrester, A.M. Milo. 2018. Woody material structural degradation through decomposition on the forest floor. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 48: 111-115.

Teets, A., S. Fraver, D. Hollinger, A. Weiskittel, R.S. Seymour, A. Richardson. 2018. Linking annual tree growth with eddy-flux measures of net ecosystem productivity across twenty years of observation in a mixed conifer forest. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 249: 479-487.

Teets, A., S. Fraver, A. Weiskittel, D. Hollinger. 2018. Quantifying climate – growth relationships at the stand-level in a mature mixed-species conifer forest. Global Change Biology 24: 3587-3602.

Wesely, N., S. Fraver, L.S. Kenefic, J.-C. Ruel, A. Weiskittel, M. Thompson, A. White. 2018. Structural attributes of old-growth and partially harvested northern white-cedar stands in Northeastern North America. Forests 9, 376: 1-15.

Ducey, M.J., S. Fraver. 2018. The conic-paraboloid formulae for coarse woody material volume and taper, and their approximation. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 48: 966-975.

Schurman, J.S., V. Trotsiuk, V. Čada, S. Fraver, P. Janda, D. Kulakowski, T. Nagel, R. Seidl, M. Svoboda. 2018. Large-scale disturbance legacies and the climate sensitivity of primary Picea abies forests. Global Change Biology 24(5): 2169-2181.

D’Orangeville, L., J. Maxwell, D. Kneeshaw, N. Pederson, L. Duchesne, T. Logan, D. Houle, D. Arseneault, D.A. Bishop, D. Druckenbrod, S. Fraver, F. Girard, J. Halman, C. Hansen, J.L. Hart, H. Hartmann, M. Kaye, D. Leblanc, S. Manzoni, S. Rayback, C. Rollinson, R.P. Phillips. 2018. Timing and local water balance regulate drought impacts on the temperate forest carbon sink. Global Change Biology 24(6): 2339-2351.

Sommerfeld, A., C. Senf, B. Buma, A.W. D’Amato, T. Després, I. Díaz-Hormazabal, S. Fraver, L.E. Frelich, Á.G. Gutiérrez, S.J. Hart, B.J. Harvey, H.S. He, T. Hlásny, A. Holz, T. Kitzberger, D. Kulakowski, D. Lindenmayer, A.S. Mori, J. Müller, J. Paritsis, G. Perry, S. Stephens, M. Svoboda, M.G. Turner, T.T. Veblen, R. Seidl. 2018. Recent patterns of natural disturbance in the temperate forest biome. Nature Communications 9: 4355.

Looney, C.E., A.W. D’Amato, S. Fraver, J.B. Bradford, D. Kastendick, B.J. Palik. 2018. Size-growth relationship, tree spatial patterns, and tree-tree competition influence tree growth and stand complexity in a 160-year red pine chronosequence. Forest Ecology and Management 424: 85-94.

Marra, R., N. Brazee, S. Fraver. 2018. Estimating carbon loss due to internal decay in living trees using tomography: implications for forest carbon budgets. Environmental Research Letters 13: 105004.

Trotsiuk, V., D. Druckenbrod, D. Martin-Benito, D. Orwig, D. Bishop, A. Barker-Plotkin, S. Fraver, N. Pederson. 2018. Testing the efficacy of tree-ring methods for detecting past disturbances. Forest Ecology and Management 425: 59-67.

Sass, E.M., A.W. D’Amato, D.R. Foster, A. Barker Plotkin, S. Fraver, P.K. Schoonmaker, D.A. Orwig. 2018. Long-term influence of disturbance-generated microsites on forest structural and compositional development. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 48: 966-975.

Leverkus, A.B., J.M.R. Benayas, J. Castro, D. Boucher, S. Brewer, B.M. Collins, D. Donato, S. Fraver, B.E. Kishchuk, E.-J. Lee, D. Lindenmayer, E. Lingua, E. Macdonald, R. Marzano, C.C. Rhoades, S. Thorn, A. Royo, J.W. Wagenbrenner, K. Waldron, T. Wohlgemuth, L. Gustafsson. 2018. Salvage logging effects on regulating and supporting ecosystem services. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 48: 983-1000.

D’Amato, A.W., P. Raymond, S. Fraver. 2018. Old-growth disturbance dynamics and associated ecological silviculture for forests in northeastern North America. IN: Eastern Old-Growth Forests: Ecology and Recovery in a Rapidly Changing World (eds. A. Barton and W. Keeton) (Invited Book Chapter).

Looney, C.E., A.W. D’Amato, S. Fraver, B.J. Palik, L. Frelich. 2018. Interspecific competition limits the realized niche of Fraxinus nigra along a waterlogging gradient. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 48: 1292–1301.

Wei, X., D.J. Hayes, S. Fraver. 2018. Global pyrogenic carbon production during recent decades has created the potential for a large, long-term sink of atmospheric CO2. Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences 123. DOI: 10.1029/2018JG004490.


Fraver, S., K. Dodds, L.S. Kenefic, R. Morrill, R.S. Seymour, and E. Sypitkowski. 2017. Forest structure following tornado damage and salvage logging in northern Maine, USA. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 47:560-564.

Fraver, S., T. Aakala, and A.W. D’Amato. 2017. Dendroecology and coarse woody debris dynamics. IN: Dendroecology: Tree-ring Analyses Applied to Ecological Studies (eds. A. Amoroso, L. Daniels, P. Baker, and J.J. Camarero). (Invited Book Chapter).

Ayrey, E., S. Fraver, J.A. Kershaw, A.R. Weiskittel, B. Cook, L.S. Kenefic, B. Roth, and D. Hayes. 2017. Layer Stacking: A novel algorithm for individual tree segmentation from LiDAR point clouds. Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing 43(1): 16-27.

Curzon, M., A.W. D’Amato, S. Fraver, and B.J. Palik. 2017. Succession, climate and neighbourhood dynamics influence tree growth over time: an 87-year record of change in a Pinus resinosa-dominated forest, Minnesota, USA. Journal of Vegetation Science 28: 82-92.

Curzon, M., A.W. D’Amato, S. Fraver, B.J. Palik, A. Bottero, J.R. Foster, and K. Gleason. 2017. Harvesting influences functional identity and diversity over time in forests of the northeastern U.S.A. Forest Ecology and Management 400: 93-99.

Carter, D.R., R.S. Seymour, S. Fraver, and A. Weiskittel. 2017. Reserve tree mortality in two expanding-gap silvicultural systems 20 years after establishment in the Acadian forest of Maine, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 389:149-157.

Carter, D.R., R.S. Seymour, S. Fraver, and A. Weiskittel. 2017. Effects of multi-aged expanding-gap silvicultural systems on mature, within-gap reserve tree growth 20 years after establishment in the Acadian Forest of Maine, USA. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 47: 1314–1324.

Bottero, A., A.W. D’Amato, B.J. Palik, J.B. Bradford, S. Fraver, M.A. Battaglia, and L.A. Asherin. 2017. Density-dependent vulnerability of forest ecosystems to drought. Journal of Applied Ecology 54(6): 1605-1614.

Gleason, K.E., J.B. Bradford, A. Bottero, A.W. D’Amato, S. Fraver, B.J. Palik, M.A. Battaglia, L. Iveson, L. Kenefic, and C. C. Kern. 2017. Competition amplifies drought stress in forests across broad climatic and compositional gradients. Ecosphere 8(7):e01849.

Kolka, R.K., B.R. Sturtevant, J.R. Miesel, A. Singh, P.T. Wolter, S. Fraver, T.M. DeSutter, and P.A. Townsend. 2017. Emissions of forest floor and mineral soil carbon, nitrogen and mercury pools and relationships with fire severity for the Pagami Creek Fire in the boreal forest of northern Minnesota. International Journal of Wildland Fire 26(4): 296-305.

Costanza K.K.L., W.H. Livingston, D.M. Kashian, R.A. Slesak, J.C. Tardif, J.P. Dech, A.K. Diamond, J.J. Daigle, D.J. Ranco, J. Neptune, L. Benedict, S. Fraver, M. Reinikainen, and N.W. Siegert. 2017. The precarious state of a cultural keystone species: Tribal and biological assessments of the future of black ash. Journal of Forestry 115(5): 435-445.


Khakimulina, T., S. Fraver, and I. Drobyshev. 2016. Mixed-severity natural disturbance regime dominates in an old-growth Norway spruce forest of northwest Russia. Journal of Vegetation Science 27(2): 400-413.

Puhlick, J.J., S. Fraver, I.J. Fernandez, A.R. Weiskittel, L.S. Kenefic, R.K. Kolka, and M.-C. Gruselle. 2016. Factors influencing organic-horizon carbon pools in mixed-species stands of central Maine, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 364: 90-100.

Gill, K., A.W. D’Amato, and S. Fraver. 2016. Multiple developmental pathways for range-margin Pinus banksiana forests. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 46: 200–214.

Looney, C.E., A.W. D’Amato, S. Fraver, M.R. Reinikainen, and B.J. Palik. 2016. Examining the influences of tree-to-tree competition and climate on size-growth relationships in hydric, multi-aged Fraxinus nigra stands. Forest Ecology and Management 375: 238-248.

Puhlick, J.J., A.R. Weiskittel, I.J. Fernandez, S. Fraver, L.S. Kenefic, R.S. Seymour, R.K. Kolka, L.E. Rustad, and J.C. Brissette. 2016. Long-term influence of alternative forest management treatments on total ecosystem and wood product carbon storage. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 46(11): 1404-1412.

Puhlick, J.J., A.R. Weiskittel, S. Fraver, M. Russell, L.S. Kenefic. 2016. Assessing the role of natural disturbance and forest management on dead wood dynamics in mixed-species stands of central Maine, USA. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 46: 1092-1102.


Russell, M., S. Fraver, T. Aakala, J. Gove, C.W. Woodall, A.W. D’Amato, and M.J. Ducey. 2015. Quantifying carbon stores and decomposition in dead wood: A review. Forest Ecology and Management 350:107-128.

Kuehne, C., A.R. Weiskittel, S. Fraver, and K.J. Puettmann. 2015. Thinning influences structural heterogeneity, growth, and mortality in Douglas-fir forests. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 45: 1448-1461.

Forrester, J.A., D.J. Mladenoff, A.W. D’Amato, S. Fraver, D.L. Lindner, N.J. Brazee, and S.T. Gower. 2015. Temporal trends and sources of variation in carbon flux from coarse woody debris in experimental forest canopy openings. Oecologia 179: 889–900.

Woodall, C.W., M. Russell, B.F. Walters, A.W. D’Amato, S. Fraver, G. Domke. 2015. Net carbon flux of dead wood in forests of the Eastern US. Oecologia 177: 861–874.


Fraver, S., A.W. D’Amato, J.B. Bradford, B.G. Jonsson, M. Jönsson, and P.-A. Esseen. 2014. Tree growth and competition in an old-growth Picea abies forest of boreal Sweden: Influence of tree spatial patterning. Journal of Vegetation Science 25: 374-385.

Russell, M., C. Woodall, S. Fraver, A.W. D’Amato, G. Domke, and K. Skog. 2014. Residence times and decay rates for downed woody debris biomass/carbon in eastern US forests. Ecosystems 17: 765-777.

Svoboda, M., P. Janda, R. Bače, S. Fraver, T. Nagel, and others. 2014. Landscape-level variability in historical disturbance in primary Picea abies mountain forests of the Eastern Carpathians, Romania. Journal of Vegetation Science 25: 386-401.

Russell, M., C.W. Woodall, A.W. D’Amato, S. Fraver, and J.B. Bradford. 2014. Linking climate change and downed woody debris decomposition across forests of the eastern United States. Biogeosciences 11: 6417-6425.

Brazee, N., D.L. Lindner, A.W. D’Amato, S. Fraver, J.A. Forrester, and D.J. Mladenoff. 2014. Disturbance and diversity of wood-inhabiting fungi: effects of canopy gaps and downed woody debris. Biodiversity and Conservation 23: 2155–2172.

Klockow, P.A., A.W. D’Amato, J.B. Bradford, and S. Fraver. 2014. Nutrient concentrations in coarse and fine woody debris in Populus tremuloides-dominated forests, northern Minnesota, USA. Silva Fennica 48(1): Article ID 962.

Reinikainen, M., A.W. D’Amato, J.B. Bradford, and S. Fraver. 2014. Influence of stocking, site quality, stand age, low-severity canopy disturbance, and forest composition on sub-boreal aspen mixedwood carbon stocks. Canadian Journal of Forest Resources 44: 230-242.

Kolka, R., B. Sturtevant, P. Townsend, J. Miesel, P. Wolter, S. Fraver, and T. DeSutter. 2014. Forest floor and upper mineral soil carbon, nitrogen and mercury pools shortly after fire and comparisons utilizing fire severity indices. Soil Science Society of America Journal 78(S1): S58-S65.


Fraver, S., A.M. Milo, J.B. Bradford, A.W. D’Amato, L. Kenefic, B.J. Palik, C.W. Woodall, and J. Brissette. 2013. Woody debris volume depletion through decay: Implications for biomass and carbon accounting. Ecosystems 16(7): 1262-1272.

Lindbladh, M., S. Fraver, J. Edvardsson, and A. Felton. 2013. Past forest composition, structures and processes – How paleoecology can contribute to forest conservation. Biological Conservation 168: 116-127.

Aakala T., S. Fraver, A.W. D’Amato, and B.J. Palik. 2013. Influence of competition and age on tree growth in structurally complex old-growth forests in northern Minnesota, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 308: 128-135.

Silver, E.J., S. Fraver, A.W. D’Amato, T. Aakala, and B.J. Palik. 2013. Long-term mortality rates and spatial patterns in an old-growth Pinus resinosa forest. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 43: 809–816.

D’Amato, A.W. J.B. Bradford, S. Fraver, and B.J. Palik. 2013. Effects of thinning on drought vulnerability and climate response in north temperate forest ecosystems. Ecological Applications 23(8): 1735-1742.

Russell, M., C. Woodall, S. Fraver, and A.W. D’Amato. 2013. Estimates of coarse woody debris decay class transitions for forests across the eastern United States. Ecological Modelling 251: 22-31.

Berger, A.L., B. Palik, A.W. D’Amato, S. Fraver, J.B. Bradford, K. Nislow, D. King, and R.T. Brooks. 2013. Ecological impacts of energy-wood harvests: Lessons from whole-tree harvesting and natural disturbance. Journal of Forestry 111(2): 139-153.

Silver, E.J., A.W. D’Amato, S. Fraver, B.J. Palik, and J.B. Bradford. 2013. Structure and development of old-growth, unmanaged second-growth, and extended rotation Pinus resinosa forests in Minnesota, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 291: 110-118.


Fraver, S. and B.J. Palik. 2012. Stand and cohort structures of old-growth Pinus resinosa-dominated forests of northern Minnesota, USA. Journal of Vegetation Science 23: 249-259.

Aakala, T., S. Fraver, B.J. Palik, and A.W. D’Amato. 2012. Spatially random mortality in old-growth red pine forests of northern Minnesota. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 42: 899-907.

Bradford, J.B., S. Fraver, A.M. Milo, A.W. D’Amato, B.J. Palik, and D.J. Shinneman. 2012. Effects of multiple interacting disturbances and salvage logging on forest carbon stocks. Forest Ecology and Management 267: 209-214.

Mitchell, C.P.J., R.K. Kolka, and S. Fraver. 2012. Singular and combined effects of blowdown, salvage logging, and wildfire on forest floor and soil mercury pools. Environmental Science & Technology 46: 7963-7960.

Brazee, N., D.L. Lindner, S. Fraver, A.W. D’Amato, and A.M. Milo. 2012. Wood-inhabiting, polyporoid fungi in aspen-dominated forests managed for biomass in the U.S. Lake States. Fungal Ecology 5: 600-609.

Powers, M.D., R.K. Kolka, J.B. Bradford, B.J. Palik, S. Fraver, and M.F. Jurgensen. 2012. Carbon storage across a chronosequence of thinned and unmanaged red pine stands. Ecological Applications 22(4): 1297-1307.

Reinikainen, M., A.W. D’Amato, and S. Fraver. 2012. Repeated insect outbreaks promote multi-cohort aspen mixedwood forests in the Lake States, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 266: 148-159.

Svoboda, M., P. Janda, T. Nagel, S. Fraver, J. Rejzek, and R. Bače. 2012. Disturbance history of an old-growth sub-alpine Picea abies stand in the Bohemian Forest, Czech Republic. Journal of Vegetation Science 23: 86-97.


Fraver, S., T. Jain, J.B. Bradford, A.W. D’Amato, D. Kastendick, B.J. Palik, and D. Shinneman. 2011. The efficacy of salvage logging in reducing subsequent fire severity in conifer-dominated forests of Minnesota, USA. Ecological Applications 21(6): 1895-1901.

Fraver, S., J.B. Bradford, and B.J. Palik. 2011. Improving tree age estimates derived from increment cores: a case study of Pinus resinosa. Forest Science 57:164-170.

Jönsson, M., S. Fraver, and B.G. Jonsson. 2011. Spatio-temporal variation of coarse woody debris input in woodland key habitats in central Sweden. Silva Fennica 45(5): 957-967.

D’Amato, A.W., S. Fraver, B. Palik, J. B. Bradford, and L. Patty. 2011. Singular and interactive effects of blowdown, salvage logging, and wildfire in sub-boreal pine systems. Forest Ecology and Management 262: 2070-2078.

Saunders, M.R., S. Fraver, and R.G. Wagner. 2011. Nutrient concentration of down woody debris in mixedwood forests in central Maine, USA. Silva Fennica 45(2): 197-210.

Hanberry, B., S. Fraver, J. Yang, H.S. He, and B.J. Palik. 2011. Spatial pattern corrections and sample sizes for forest density estimates of historical tree surveys. Landscape Ecology 26: 59-68.

D’Amato, A.W., J. Bradford, S. Fraver, and B.J. Palik. 2011. Forest management for mitigation and adaptation: insights from long-term silvicultural experiments. Forest Ecology and Management 262: 803-816.

2010 and prior

Svoboda, M., S. Fraver, P. Janda, R. Bače, and J. Zenáhlíková. 2010. Natural development and regeneration of a Central European montane spruce forest. Forest Ecology and Management 260: 707-714.

Bradford, J.B., A.W. D’Amato, B.J. Palik, and S. Fraver. 2010. A new method for evaluating forest thinning: growth dominance in managed Pinus resinosa stands. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 40: 843-849.

Powers, M.D., B.J. Palik, J.B. Bradford, S. Fraver, C.R. Webster. 2010. Thinning method and intensity influence long-term mortality trends in a red pine forest. Forest Ecology and Management 260: 1138-1148.

Fraver, S., A.S. White, and R.S. Seymour. 2009. Natural disturbance in an old-growth landscape in northern Maine, USA. Journal of Ecology 97: 289-298.

Jönsson, M., S. Fraver, and B.G. Jonsson. 2009. Forest history and the development of old-growth characteristics in Swedish spruce forests. Journal of Vegetation Science 20: 91-106.

Fraver, S., B.G. Jonsson, M. Jönsson, and P.-A. Esseen. 2008. Demographics and disturbance history of a boreal old-growth Picea abies forest. Journal of Vegetation Science 19: 789-798.

Fraver, S., A. Ringvall, and B.G. Jonsson. 2007. Refining volume estimates of down woody debris. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 37: 627-633.

Fraver, S., R.S. Seymour, J. H. Speer, and A.S. White. 2007. Dendrochronological reconstruction of spruce budworm outbreaks in northern Maine. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 37: 523-529.

Jönsson, M., S. Fraver, B.G. Jonsson, M. Dynesius, M. Rydgård, and P.-A. Esseen. 2007. Eighteen years of tree mortality and structural change in an experimentally fragmented Norway spruce forest. Forest Ecology and Management 242: 306-313.

Fraver, S. and A.S. White. 2005. Disturbance dynamics of old-growth Picea rubens forests of northern Maine. Journal of Vegetation Science 16: 597-610.

Fraver, S. and A.S. White. 2005. Identifying growth releases in dendrochronological studies of forest disturbance. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 35(7): 1648-1656.

Kenefic, L.S., A.S. White, A.R. Cutko, and S. Fraver. 2005. Reference stands for silvicultural research: a Maine perspective. Journal of Forestry 103(5): 363-367.

Brokaw, N.V.L., S. Fraver,  J.S. Grear, J. Thompson, J.K. Zimmerman, R.B. Waide, E.M. Everham III, S.P. Hubbell, and R.B. Foster. 2004. Disturbance and canopy structure in two tropical forests. Pages 177-194 in E.C. Losos and E.G. Leigh, Jr., editors. Tropical Forest Diversity and Dynamism: Findings from a Large-Scale Plot Network. University of Chicago Press.

Lara, A., A. Wolodarsky-Franke, J.C. Aravena, M. Cortés, S. Fraver, and F. Silla. 2003. Fire regimes and forest dynamics in the Lake Region of South-Central Chile. Pages 323-342 in T.T. Veblen, W.L. Baker, G. Montenegro, and T.W. Swetnam, editors. Fire and Climate Change in Temperate Ecosystems of the Western Americas. Springer-Verlag New York, Inc.

Fraver, S., R.G. Wagner, and M. Day. 2002. Dynamics of coarse woody debris following gap harvesting in the Acadian forest of central Maine, USA. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 32(12): 2094-2105.

Silla, F., S. Fraver, A. Lara, T.R. Allnutt, and A. Newton. 2002. Regeneration and stand dynamics of Fitzroya cupressoides (Cupressaceae) forests of southern Chile’s Central Depression. Forest Ecology and Management 165(1): 213-224.

Lara, A., S. Fraver, J.C. Aravena, and A. Wolodarsky-Franke. 1999. Fire and the dynamics of Fitzroya cupressoides (alerce) forests of Chile’s Cordillera Pelada. EcoScience 6(1): 100-109.

Fraver, S., M.E. González, F. Silla, A. Lara, and M. Gardner. 1999. Composition and structure of remnant Fitzroya cupressoides forests of Southern Chile’s Central Depression. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 126(1): 49-57.

Fraver, S., N.V.L. Brokaw, and A.P. Smith. 1998. Delimiting the gap phase in the growth cycle of a Panamanian forest. Journal of Tropical Ecology 14(5): 673-681.

González, M.E., C. Donoso, and S. Fraver. 1997. Results from mixed plantations of Eucryphia cordifolia, Laurelia sempervirens and Aextoxicon punctatum established in areas disturbed by mass flowering of the bamboo, Chusquea quila. Bosque 18(1): 53-59.

Shear, T.H., T.J. Lent, and S. Fraver. 1996. Comparison of restored and mature bottomland hardwood forests of southwestern Kentucky. Restoration Ecology 4(2): 111-123.

Fraver, S. 1994. Vegetation responses along edge-to-interior gradients in the mixed hardwood forests of the Roanoke River Basin, North Carolina. Conservation Biology 8(3): 822-832.

Fraver, S. 1992. The insulating value of serotinous cones in protecting pitch pine (Pinus rigida) seeds from high temperatures. Journal of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science 65(3): 112-116.